Laparoscopic surgery is also known as keyhole surgery. In a modern surgical technique in which operations in the abdomen are performed through small incisions usually 5 to 10 mm as compared to the old surgery procedure. This type of surgery is a keyhole surgery in which only small cuts to get through the skin. Laparoscopy is used to operate the internal part of the abdomen or pelvic cavities.
Laparoscopic or “minimal Access Surgery” is a specialized technique for performing surgery of the abdomen. This surgical technique was commonly used only for gynaecologic surgery, in cases of infertility and for gall bladder surgery. For the last 10 years the use of laparoscopic surgical technique has expanded into intestinal surgery. In open surgery the surgeon uses a single incision to enter into the abdomen. Laparoscopic surgery uses several 0.5-1cm incisions. Each incision is called a “port.” A special telescope known as a laparoscope is passed through the port during the procedure of surgery.
Single incision laparoscopic surgery or Single port access surgery, also known as laparoscopic single-site surgery. Umbilical surgery or single port incision, less conventional equipment-utilizing surgery or natural orifice trans-umbilical surgery. Embryonic Natural Orifice trans-umbilical surgery is an advanced minimally invasive surgical procedure in which the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point. Single port access surgical procedures are like many laparoscopic surgeries in that the patient is under general anesthesia, insulated and laparoscopic visualization is utilized.
The laparoscope helps to transmits images from the abdominal cavity. It is used to high-resolution video monitors through a digitally advanced camera system in the operating room. During the surgery the surgeon sees all detailed images of the abdomen on the high resolution monitor. After surgical procedures, the patient also receives this CD.
Compared to open surgery, patients often experience less pain, faster recovery, and less scarring with laparoscopic surgery.Most sophisticated abdominal surgery can be conducted inexperienced hand using the laparoscopic method. In this, surgery for gall bladder, duodenal perforation, appendicitis, Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, diverticulitis, cancer, rectal prolapse and severe constipation.In the past, concern has been raised about the safety of laparoscopic surgery for radical cancer procedures. But after laparoscopic surgeries, involving hundreds of patients have shown that laparoscopic surgery is safe for certain colorectal cancers.
Laparoscopic surgery is as very safe as compared to open surgery. At the beginning, the laparoscope is inserted through a small incision near the umbilicus. Either superior crease or inferior crease of umbilicus. The laparoscopic surgeon initially inspects the abdomen by doing diagnostic laparoscopy to check whether laparoscopic surgery may be safely performed.If there is a large amount of inflammation or if the surgeon feel other factors that is risky. It prevents a clear view of the structures the surgeon may need to make a larger incision.